The Chinese Crested Dog is a hairless breed of dog.
The Chinese Crested Dog comes in two varieties, with and without fur, which are born in the same litter: the Powderpuff and the Hairless.
Both varieties require certain amounts of grooming. The Powderpuff is entirely covered with a double, very soft, straight coat.
The breed was believed by some to have originated in Africa and was called the African Hairless Terrier in several 19th-century texts; however, there is genetic evidence that shows a shared origin with the Xoloitzcuintli.
It is thought that in ancient times large hairless dogs from Africa were brought to China, where after generations of breeding they were reduced in size. (The Chinese were the master miniaturizers of the ancient world; the Shi Tzu and Pekingese are two further examples of breeds born of Chinese mini-mania.)
The current name of the breed likely comes from their use on Chinese ships as ratters.
Chinese trading vessels traveled the high seas with Cresteds onboard. The dogs became famous as shipboard exterminators, expert at catching disease-bearing rats. They were traded among sailors in seaports around the world and, along the way, acquired the name Chinese Ship Dog.
They are also believed to have been bred as a companion for people living with an intellectual disability and as such can remain healthy with little exercise.
Mario Opazo | Super Paws