The Boxer is a medium to large, short-haired breed of dog, developed in Germany.
The Boxer’s ancestors, the war dogs of the Assyrian empire, go back as far as 2,500 B.C. But what we know of today as a Boxer can be traced to Germany of the late 1800s and early 20th century.
The Boxer was bred from the Old English Bulldog and the now extinct Bullenbeisser which became extinct by crossbreeding rather than by a decadence of the breed.
In medieval times the Bullenbeisser was Germany’s premier big-game hunter, used by noblemen to run down, catch, and hold such formidable opponents as bear, bison, and wild boar on vast ducal estates.
In 1894, three Germans by the names of Friedrich Robert, Elard König, and R. Höpner decided to stabilize the breed and put it on exhibition at a dog show. This was done in Munich in 1896, and the year before they founded the first Boxer Club, the Deutsche Boxer Club.
Although they are large, Boxers are not “outdoor dogs.” Their short noses and short hair make them uncomfortable in hot and cold weather, and they need to be kept as house dogs.
Over the years, Boxers have done many jobs: athlete, cattle dog, police dog, war dog (in both world wars), watchdog, protection dog, and guide dog for the blind.
Iker the Shiba Inu columnist